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"Arrachage - 1958" Discover the best available selection of drawings and works on paper by the artist César. Buy from art galleries around the world with Kooness! Kooness
6780 EUR

"Arrachage - 1958"


Single piece Signed Dated Framed

From the series "Arrachages"



37 x 44 x 3 cm
14.57 x 17 x 1.18 in






Drawings & Works on Paper

César Baldaccini, known as "César" is a French sculptor born in Marseille in 1921 and died in Paris in 1998. He is classified in the movement of the "new realism" resulting in 1960 from a declaration of a group of artists among whom Tinguely, Arman, Niki de Saint Phalle, Mimo Rottela, César and which was defined by the historian of art Pierre Restany.

His sculptural work is marked by his numerous achievements in metal such as "the fish", "the bat" preserved in the National Museum of Modern Art. Or "the centaur" place Michel Debré in Paris, or "the skater" place Tolozan in Lyon. We do not present any more his compressions returned in the pop culture by his most famous reproduction: the one which is offered on the occasion of the ceremony of the "Césars" which rewards the best cinematographic achievements of the year.

From 1950 to 1962, César produced a series of works on paper that he called "Arrachages". During a short stay in hospital, confined to his bed, he drew to occupy his time. He experimented with the materials at his disposal, in this case, adhesive bandages that he applied to sheets of paper covered with ink, then tore them up. The adhesive tape would partially peel off the inked paper, leaving a characteristic elongated and mottled "touch".

By their technique, the Arrachages remain in the world of sculpture. César does not draw, strictly speaking, but models the space of the paper surface. This two-dimensional research is similar to an earlier series of sculptures: the Plaques (1959-60).

These sculptures consisted of elongated pieces of sheet metal welded together in a vertical plane. While the Plaques seek flatness through a three-dimensional appearance, the Arrachages find depth in the flat appearance. These are not sketches or works made with sculpture in mind, but truly original attempts to approach the pictorial through the methods of sculpture.

Like all of César's artistic practice, the Arrachages are about experimenting with techniques and materials. Whether it be dilating, compressing, tearing, welding... César develops his own practice, his own techniques, and always manages to create something new.

1998 , France

César Baldaccini (1 January 1921 – 6 December 1998), better known simply as César, was a noted French sculptor. César was at the forefront of the Nouveau Réalisme movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, or rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foam sculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects. He was a French sculptor, born in 1921 of Italian parents from Tuscany in the working-class neighbourhood of la Belle-de-Mai in Marseilles. His father was a cooper and bar owner. His full name was César Baldaccini, but he is usually known simply as César. After studying at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Marseilles (1935-9) he went on to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1943-8). He began making sculptures by welding together pieces of scrap metal in 1952 and first made his reputation with solid welded sculptures of insects, various kinds of animals, nudes, etc. His first one-man exhibition was at the Galerie Lucien Durand, Paris, 1954. His early work used soldered and welded metal as well as junk materials, and by 1960 César was considered one of France's leading sculptors. In that year, on a visit to a scrap merchant in search of metal, he saw a hydraulic crushing machine in operation, and decided to experiment with it in his sculpture. He astonished his followers by showing three crushed cars at a Paris exhibition. It was for these 'Compressions' that César became renowned. César selected particular cars for crushing, mixing elements from differently coloured vehicles. In this way he could control the surface pattern and colour scheme of the piece. Later the same year he joined the Nouveaux Réalistes (New Realists) - Arman, Klein, Raysse, Tinguely, Pierre Restany and others who found their inspiration in urban life. In 1965, he started to work with plastics, first with plastic moulds of human imprints, then from 1966 by pouring expanded polyurethane, which was allowed to expand and solidify. He gave up making welded-metal sculpture in 1966 and organised a series of Happenings from 1967-1970, in which he produced expansions in the presence of an audience. His later works also included sculptures made out of molten crystal. In 1995, he was asked to paint a McLaren F1 GTR that participated in the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans. The car Chassis GTR5 is still in the livery created by Cesar, and represents the only 'Art Car" based on the iconic Mclaren. He is the creator of the César du cinéma trophy, which is awarded to the best in French cinema. He was made Chevalier (Knight) of the Légion d'honneur on 22 January 1978[1] and promoted Officier (Officer) in 1993.[1] He married Rosine and had one daughter Anna. He died in Paris in December 1998. Following his death there was an extended dispute over his will between his widow and daughter on the one hand and Stéphanie Busuttil, his companion at the time of his death, on the other.

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