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Nicolas de Staël

1914 - 1955 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

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  • About the Artist

Nicolas de Staël studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Brussels. At the age of 20, during a trip to France, he discoversCézanne, Matisse, Braque and Soutine. In 1936, de Staël left for Morocco and enlisted in the Foreign Legion. Demobilized in 1940, he found himself in the free zone where he encountered Delaunay, Arp, and Le Corbusier, who introduced himto abstraction. It was during the course of the Spring of 1939 that Jeanne Bucher made his acquaintance at the home of the Heerings, and offered him her support. Several years later, in February 1944, she exhibited de Staël’s works together with Kandinsky and César Domela. When Jeanne Bucher the first personal exhibition of de Staël in 1945 at the gallery, she knew already that she was very ill, and placed the artist with Louis Carré. Encounters followed with Théodore Schempp, American dealer much enthousiastic by the talent of the artist, and also Jacques Dubourg, Pierre Lecuire, Georges Duthuit and René Char. His paintings of the 1950s are marked by the use of knife and hairbrushes. Paul Rosenberg was also interested in his painting and Knoedler organized an exhibition for him in New York, which was an ground breaking success. Terrified by American life which he found unbearable, de Staël returned to France, sharing his time between Paris and Antibes, where the light fascinated him. His technique evolved and de Staël began painting in a more fluid manner, leaving all the freshness of the gestures of his hand. One of the great obsessions of the artist remained light, so different in the north and the south, which became an incessant source of anxiety at moments of showings of his work in Paris or New York. Exhausted by years of work, Nicolas de Staël committed suicide on March 16th, 1955, in Antibes.

The confidence established with Françoise de Staël in the 1950s permitted Jean-François Jaeger to pursue the presentation of de Staël’s works through numerous exhibitions in Paris and other countries. This collaboration initiated in 1958, found its zenith at the time of a memorable FIAC in 1985 during which the gallery chose to render him a vibrant tribut, 30 years after his death. A Catalogue Raisonnéof his paintings was published with the gallery’s collaboration in 1997, as well as a catalog of his works on paper in 2013 on the occasion of an exhibition organized by the gallery.

Works by Nicolas de Staël

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